Life Biography of Pablo Neruda
(Pseudonym of Neftali Ricardo Reyes Basoalto) Born in Parral, Chile, in 1904. Soon began to write poetry, and in 1921 published The Song of the party, his first poem, under the pseudonym of Pablo Neruda, in honor of Czech poet Jan Neruda, a name that remained thereafter and legalized in 1946. His mother died just a month after he was born, when his father, a railroad employee, moved to Temuco, where young Pablo Neruda received his early studies and met Gabriela Mistral. They also began work on a newspaper, until he was sixteen he moved to Santiago, where he published his first poems in the magazine Clarity. After publishing several books of poetry, in 1924 achieved international fame with Twenty Love Poems and a Song desperate work, along with infinite man Tentative distinguishes the first stage of his poetry, marked by the transition from modernism influenced by avant-garde forms of creationism Vicente Huidobro.
Economic problems led to Pablo Neruda to undertake in 1926 The consular career that took him to live in Burma, Ceylon, Java, Singapore and, between 1934 and 1938, in Spain, where he became involved with Garcia Lorca, Aleixandre, Gerardo Diego and other components of the Generation of 27, and founded Green Horse magazine Poetry. Since its first manifesto sided with a "poetry without purity" and close to the immediate reality, in line with its social awareness in this regard, Pablo Neruda supported the Republicans at the outbreak of civil war and wrote Spain in the heart.Gradually his poems underwent a transition toward a more tight and dark to perceive the passage of time, chaos and death in everyday life. Back in Chile, in 1939 Pablo Neruda joined the Communist Party and his work underwent a shift to political activism that led to the exaltation of the American myths of his Canto general. In 1945 he was the first poet to be awarded the National Prize for Literature in Chile.
At the same time, from his seat as senator used his speech to denounce the abuses and inequities of the system. This attitude led government persecution and subsequent exile in Argentina. From there he went to Mexico, and later toured the USSR, China and the countries of Eastern Europe. After this trip, during which Pablo Neruda wrote poems laudatory and propaganda and received the Lenin Peace Prize, he returned to Chile. Thereafter, the poetry of Pablo Neruda entered a new phase in which the formal simplicity corresponded with a lyrical intensity and a general tone of serenity. His international reputation was recognized in 1971, the year he was awarded the Prize Nobel for Literature. Last year Pablo Neruda had given up for the presidential candidacy of Salvador Allende, who appointed him ambassador to Paris shortly after. Two years later, already seriously ill, he returned to Chile. He died in Santiago in 1973. Posthumous publication of the autobiography "I confess that I lived."